About the Security Council

The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. (un.org)

1: Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts

The phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters is one of the most dangerous aspects of the unprecedented terrorist threat that we are facing today. This phenomenon has become increasingly prevalent over the past few years. Terrorists have been able to move from Syria and Iraq to other countries and regions throughout the world. This phenomenon is therefore now linked to many other issues and factors.

Many things have changed in the past three years in terms of combating terrorism on the ground, but the global threat posed by terrorists continues to evolve and diversify, which is why measures tackling the phenomenon of returning or relocating foreign terrorist fighters have become urgent. This is a complex issue that encompasses the political, legal and operational fields of activities.

In this context, we value as particularly relevant projects conducted during terms served in prison, and the Nelson Mandela rules are an advanced tool at the disposal of every country. Just as relevant is the engagement of civil society in reintegration and prevention programmes.

We will be able to attain results in countering the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters only if we act collectively, with States in the leading role, and by tapping the potential of specialized international organizations, the private sector and civil society structures. All anti-terrorist measures should be adopted in compliance with the norms of international law and in line with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

2: The Situation in Afghanistan

Regular meeting of the Security Council takes place at a crucial moment, as Afghanistan successfully passed to the parliamentary elections scheduled for October 2017 and the international Geneva Conference on Afghanistan in November, to be followed by the anticipated presidential elections, in April 2019. If all goes well, by the middle of next year we should have completed our political transition, with a new Parliament and a new Government.

As guardians of our territorial integrity, Afghanistan national security forces continue to grow in size, strength and professionalism. Moreover, in addition to the substantial increase of our special forces, Afghanistan is also working to triple the size of our air force by 2020. This, together with our ongoing reform, will have a profound impact in terms of enhancing our fight against international terrorism.

Afghanistan has clearly asserted that regional and international support is vital to the success of the Afghan-led peace process. Afghanistan welcomes all coordinated efforts leading to direct talks that can generate concrete results, rather than a repeat of the past. Afghanistan is keenly following the interactions of some of our partners with the Taliban, which are being coordinated with the Afghan Government.

Let us bear in mind that we, collectively, stand at a crossroads in our strategic journey for peace and stability in Afghanistan and, more broadly, for global security. In that regard, the start of our partnership with the international community in 2001 generated a contract aimed at securing a stable future for our current and future generations. Together, we have come a long way, reaching the last stage of the transformation decade for self-reliance. Let us complete this vital journey with greater resolve and commitment.

 

Dear delegates!

My name is Alexander Gerasimov, I am a graduate of Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia). It is a great honor for me to welcome you as President of Security Council of Elba Ariana International Model United Nations (EAIMUN).

For me, this MUN will be special, because for the first time in a modeling career I attend a similar conference in Asia and also because for the first time in two years I became President of a non-juridical committee. It is a special honor to lead the Security Council as the main committee responsible for maintaining international peace and security.

We have to deal with two serious agendas that touches the serious challenges of humanity. Delegates will have to accumulate all their professional skills in order to develop an effective document.

As President of Security Council, I will try to do everything possible to ensure the highest level of both procedural and substantive parts of the meeting, heated debates, productive work, active discussions, warm memories and dozens of new useful contacts — that is everything that we love in Model United Nations!

See you in March!

Sincerely yours,

Alexander Gerasimov

President of Security Councul

Elbe Ariana International Model United Nations (EAIMUN)

 

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Junior Electrical engineering student at Final International University. Hassan has been involved in youth empowerment activities since 2008 when he became president of student’s cooperative of GTHS in Cameroon.

He later started MUNning, he participated at IMUN first edition as a chair, then founded FIUMUN (Final International University MUN). He always dreamt of a world where people are in peace and youth in charge of their own affairs. He founded with the help of UYC, the World Youth Summit. He is a motivational speaker and writing a diary in a memory of his late mom. He loves traveling and reading.

Hassan Rengou Mfoukie – Cameroon

Vice President Security Council

EAIMUN 2019